Exam 5 Review:  Chapter 27 Female External Genitalia

vulva = pudendum - The external genital organs of the female, including the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule and vestibular glands of the vagina; all surfaces are lined by a moist stratified squamous epithelium except the mons pubis and labia majora.

mons pubis - The rounded prominence caused by a pad of adipose tissue lying over the symphysis pubis in the female; it serves as a cushion between the female and her partner the during sexual intercourse; it is lined by dry epidermis with a covering of genital hairs.

labia majora - The larger and lateral pair of folds of tissue which form the lateral borders of the vulva = pudendum; they are lined by dry epidermis with a covering of genital hairs.

labia minora - The smaller and medial pair of folds of tissue which form the lateral borders of the vulva = pudendum; they are lined by a moist stratified squamous epthelium.

clitoris - A small mass of highly sensitive erectile tissue, which will enlarge during sexual arousal, situated at the anterior apex of the vestibule of the vulva; it is lined by a moist stratified squamous epithelium; stimulation of this structure is important in contributing to female orgasm; it is the developmental analog to the penis in the male.

prepuce clitoris - The loose fold of skin covering the glans clitoris which is formed by the juncture of the labia minora; it is lined by a moist stratified squamous epithelium.

glans clitoridis - The small central column or papilla of highly sensitive erectile tissue (corpora cavernosa), which will enlarge during sexual arousal due to an Autonomic NS reflex; it is situated at the anterior apex of the vestibule within the prepuce clitoris of the vulva; it is lined by a moist stratified squamous epithelium.

vestibule - The space within the vulva which is behind the glans clitoris and between the labia minora, containing the openings of the vagina, urethra, and the ducts of the greater vestibular glands; all surfaces are lined by a moist stratified squamous epithelium and within the tissues are a number of minute mucous glands, the lesser vestibular glands, opening on the surface of the vestibule between the orifices of the vagina and urethra.

external urethral orifice - The opening to the urethra which is located within the vestibule of the vulva = pudendum, posterior to the clitoris and anterior to the opening of the vagina; it is the outlet for urine from the urinary bladder.

paraurethral glands - Any of several small glands that open into the female urethra near its opening and are homologous to glandular tissue in the prostate gland in the male. aka - Skene's glands.

greater vestibular glands - Either of two compound tubuloalveolar mucus-secreting glands situated in the lateral walls on each side of the vestibule of the vagina; they are homologues of the bulbourethral glands in the male. aka Bartholin's glands, vulvovaginal glands.

perineum - The region between the thighs; in females, between the vulva and the anus; in males, between the scrotum and the anus.

urogenital triangle - An anatomical space:  the anterior portion of the perineal region containing the openings of the urethra and the vagina in the female and the urethra and the root structures of the penis in the male.

anal triangle  - An anatomical space:  the posterior portion of the perineal region containing the anus.

 1.